Carpal Tunnel syndrome is due to the compression of the median nerve as it travels through the wrist via the carpal tunnel. Symptoms include numbness, pain and tingling and difficulty in gripping. Over time the muscles supplied by the median nerve can waste away. Typically the symptoms are worse at night and can affect both hands.
Initial physiotherapy and a splint at night may help the symptoms, however if this doesn't help and if there are any signs of muscle wastage then surgery is likely to be needed.
This involves a short procedure under local anaesthetic. A small incision is made in the wrist and the ligament which forms the top of the carpal tunnel is cut releasing the pressure on the median nerve. Following surgery physiotherapy and a splint are required to optimise results.